Research is a primary focus of the Everglades Wetland Research Park.
Many faculty, postdocs, graduate students, staff, student interns, and visiting scholars frequenting the offices and labs of the beautiful new Kapnick Center are doing research that is key to the survival of our ecosystems and indeed our planet. Several research projects are already active at the EWRP are listed here.
Nutrient Removal Efficacy of Wetland Plant Communities in the Florida Everglades
This 3-year, 18-mesocosm study focused on estimating the efficacy of different wetland plant communities for reducing phosphorus input into the Florida Everglades. This project was part of the overall Everglades Restoration where 23,000 ha of wetlands, called Stormwater Treatment Areas (STAs), have been created on former agricultural land that had, in turn, replaced wetlands decades ago. The study investigated if certain types of wetland communities are better than others in reducing phosphorus inputs to the Florida Everglades, thus reducing the invasion of plants such as Typha (cattails) from taking over the native Cladium (sawgrass) in the Everglades “river of grass.” Our study (Mitsch et al. 2015) found that by the end of the study, the Nymphaea, control/Chara, and Typha vegetation communities had lower outflow phosphorus concentration than the inflow (p < 0.05) with average outflow concentration of 11 ± 1, 15 ± 3 and 16 ± 1 ppb respectively. We conclude that any treatment wetland constructed with local Florida soils and designed to achieve low (~10–15 ppb P) concentrations would probably take a minimum of 2 years to become sinks of phosphorus. We also conclude that wetlands can be created to achieve these low thresholds if low TP loading and self-design strategies are incorporated into the project design (Mitsch et al., 2015). Two companion studies on this project are also published. Villa and Mitsch (2014) investigated the contribution of the different wetland plant species to exported DOC (and by inference to DOP) by using carbon stable isotope techniques. Marois et al. (in press) investigated the relative importance of aquatic metabolism on the retention of phosphorus in these vegetation communities and found that plant communities without emergent macrophytes may perform best in the retention of phosphorus in low inflow concentration conditions.
Carbon Fluxes in Subtropical Wetland Ecosystems
Corkscrew Swamp near Naples Florida— considered by some to be one of the world’s most majestic forested wetlands in the USA —was chosen as a convenient site for comparing different wetland ecosystems in the Everglades: sawgrass wet prairies, bald cypress swamps, pond cypress swamps, and pine flatwoods—for their ability to sequester carbon into permanent soil storage as well as for their emissions of the greenhouse gas methane. These measurements will ultimately help to estimate the net effect of wetland ecosystems such as those found at Corkscrew in the cooling or warming of the planet. The results, published in two recent papers, illustrate that seasonality in methane emissions was positively correlated with water levels but not with soil temperature (Villa and Mitsch, 2014) and that carbon sequestration was not necessarily enhanced by prolonged saturated conditions but may be affected more by the quantity and chemical composition of the organic material reaching the soil (Villa and Mitsch, 2015). These studies are continuing by comparing methane emissions from these pristine wetlands with more heavily impacted forested and herbaceous wetlands on FGCU’s campus.
Long-term Patterns of Methane Emissions and Nutrient Retention in Created Wetlands
Created wetlands may or may not contribute to climate change because they both sequester carbon but also emit the greenhouse gas methane. Studies of methane emissions, began by our lab in 2003 at the Olentangy River Wetland Research Park in Columbus, Ohio, including large-scale methane emission estimates from an eddy covariance tower created at this site. Support from the National Science Foundation allowed us to compare two different chamber techniques that we have used for methane emission measurements (Waletzko and Mitsch, 2014). That paper is being published in a new special issue (Mitsch et al., 2014a) along with a re-evaluation of the nutrient retention trends of the experimental wetlands at the Olentangy River site in Ohio (Mitsch et al., 2014b). We found that after about 10 years, there are signs that retention of nitrogen and phosphorus are starting to increase from year to year, something counter to the conventional wisdom of many previous studies of created wetlands. EWRP is also involved in an international (organized in Sweden) meta-analysis of the literature on nutrient retention in created and restored wetlands (Land et al., 2013).
Ecosystem Services of Coastal Mangrove Wetlands
We are beginning measurements of methane emissions and carbon sequestration in mangrove coastal wetlands. Early results show that methane emissions are essentially zero but carbon sequestration rates are comparable to nearby freshwater wetlands. These measurements validate the renewed interest in the concept of coastal saltwater wetlands such as salt marshes and mangroves being carbon sinks; in fact that concept has a now accepted term of “blue carbon.” The EWRP has also done some research on the importance of mangrove wetlands serving as buffers for coastal storms and tsunamis in tropical regions around the world (Marois and Mitsch, in press).
Latest Release - 2018
- Press Release on 2017 Hypoxic Zone (August 2, 2017)
- Press Release on 2015 Hypoxic Zone(August 4, 2015)
- Press Release on 2014 Hypoxic Zone(August 4, 2014)
- Press Release on 2013 Hypoxic Zone (July 27, 2013)
- Press Release on 2012 Hypoxic Zone (July 12, 2012)
- Press Release on 2011 Hypoxic Zone (July 31, 2011)
- Press Release on 2010 Hypoxic Zone (Aug. 1, 2010)
- Press Release on 2009 Hypoxic Zone (July 24, 2009)
- Press Release on 2007 Hypoxic Zone (July 28, 2007)
- Press Release on 2006 Hypoxic Zone (July 28, 2006)
- Press Release on 2005 Hypoxic Zone (July 29, 2005)
- Press Release on 2004 Hypoxic Zone (July 26, 2004)
- Press Release on 2003 Hypoxic Zone (July 29, 2003)
2020-01 Waltham, N.J., M. Elliott, S. Y. Lee, C. Lovelock, C. M. Duarte, C. Buelow, C. Simenstad, I. Nagelkerken, L. Claassens, C. C. K.Wen, M. Barletta, R. M. Connolly, C. Gillies, J. Schwartz, W. J. Mitsch, M. B. Ogburn, J. Purandare, H. Possingham, M. Sheaves.. 2020. UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration 2021-2030 – What chance for success in restoring coastal ecosystems? Frontiers of Marine Science
2019Toggle More Info
19-003 Cole, A., et al. 2019. Ecology+Design Symposium 2017, Penn State University. University Park, PA. 68 pp.
19-002 Mitsch, W.J. 2019. Restoring the Florida Everglades: Comments on the current reservoir plan for solving harmful algal blooms and protecting the Florida Everglades. Ecological Engineering 138: 155-159.
19-001 Lopardo, C.R., L. Zhang, W. J. Mitsch, and H. Urakawa. 2019. Comparison of nutrient retention efficiency between vertical-flow and floating treatment wetland mesocosms with and without biodegradable plastic. Ecological Engineering 131: 120-130.
2018Toggle More Info
18-012 Lal, R., P. Smith, H. F. Jungkunst, W. Mitsch, J. Lehmann, P.K. R. Nair, A.B. McBratney, J.C. de Moraes Sá, J. Schneider, Y. L. Zinn, A.L.A. Skorupa, H. Zhang, B. Minasny, C. Srinivasrao, and N.H. Ravindranath. 2018. The carbon sequestration potential of terrestrial ecosystems. Soil and Water Conservation. 73:145-152.
18-011 Cai Y., L. Zhang. 2018. Editorial: Multi-scale ecological indicators for supporting sustainable watershed management. Ecological Indicators 92:1-10.
18-010 Mander Ü., Tournebize J., Mitsch W.J. 2018. Denitrification in constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment and created riverine wetlands. Pages 1983-1990 In: Finlayson, C.M., Everard, M., Irvine, K., McInnes, R., Middleton, B., van Dam, A., and Davidson, N.C. (eds) The Wetland Book. Springer, Dordrecht.
18-009 Mitsch, W.J. 2018. Experimental Wetlaculture (Wetlands + Agriculture) Mesocosm Compound Established in Naples, Florida, to Restore Wetlands, Solve Harmful Algal Blooms, and Develop Sustainable Agriculture. Wetland Science and Practice 35: 79-80.
18-008 Nesbit T. A., W. J. Mitsch. 2018. Hurricane and seasonal effects on hydrology and water quality of a subtropical urban stormwater wetland. Ecological Engineering 120: 134-145.
18-007 Mitsch, W.J. 2018. World wetland day and Ramsar wetlands in the USA—Uncertainty for the future. Wetland Science and Practice 35: 37-39.
18-006 Pärn, Jaan, Jos Verhoeven, Klaus Butterbach-Bahl, Nancy Dise, Sami Ullah, Anto Aasa, Sergey Egorov, Mikk Espenberg, Järvi Järveoja, Jyrki Jauhiainen, Kuno Kasak, Leif Klemedtsson, Ain Kull, Fatima Laggoun-Defarge, Elena Lapshina, Annalea Lohila, Krista Lõhmus, Martin Maddison, William J. Mitsch, Christoph Mueller, Ülo Niinemets, Bruce Osborne, Taavi Pae, Jüri-Ott Salm, Fotis Sgouridis, Kristina Sohar, Kaido Soosaar, Kathryn Storey, Alar Teemusk, Moses Tenywa, Julien Tournebize, Jaak Truu, Marika Truu, Gert Veber, Jorge Villa, Seint Sann Zaw, and Ülo Mander. 2018. Nitrogen-rich organic soils under warm well-drained conditions are global nitrous oxide emission hotspots. Nature Communications 9: 1135.
18-005 Mitsch, W.J., Marois, D., L. Zhang, and K. Song. 2018. Protecting water quality of the Florida Everglades: Sustainably achieving low phosphorus concentrations with wetlands. Ecological Engineering 116: 174-177.
18-004 Brooks, Robert P., William Limpisathian, Timothy Gould, Tara Mazurczyk, Elena Sava, and William J. Mitsch. 2018. Does the Ohio River flow all the way to New Orleans? Journal of American Water Resources Association 54:752-756.
18-003 Mitsch, W.J. and Ü Mander. 2018. Wetlands and carbon revisited. Ecological Engineering 114: 1-6.
18-002 Cabezas, A., W.J. Mitsch, C. MacDonnell, L. Zhang, F. Bidalek, and A, Lasso. 2018. Methane emissions from mangrove soils in hydrologically disturbed and reference mangrove tidal creeks in southwest Florida. Ecological Engineering 114: 46-56.
18-001 Pereyra, A. and W.J. Mitsch. 2018. Methane emissions from freshwater cypress (Taxodium distichum) swamp soils with natural and impacted hydroperiods in Southwest Florida. Ecological Engineering 114: 46-56.
2017Toggle More Info
17-014 Urakawa H., A.E. Bernhard 2017. Wetland management using microbial indicators. Ecological Engineering 108:447-456.
17-013 Urakawa, H., D.L. Dettmar1, S. Thomas. 2017. The uniqueness and biogeochemical cycling of plant root microbial communities in a floating treatment wetland. Ecological Engineering 108: 573-580.View
17-012 Mitsch, W.J. 2017. Solving Lake Erie’s harmful algal blooms by restoring the Great Black Swamp in Ohio. Ecological Engineering 108:397-406.View
17-011 Mitsch, W.J. Solving Harmful Algal Blooms: Progress in 2016-2017 at a Wetlaculture Experiment at Buckeye Lake, Ohio Newsletter in Ohio Wetlands Association, September 2017
17-010 Yeoman, K., B. Jiang and W.J. Mitsch. 2017. Phosphorus concentrations in a Florida Everglades water conservation area before and after El Niño events in the dry season. Ecological Engineering 108:381-391.
17-009 Stefanik, K. and W.J. Mitsch. 2017.Vegetation productivity of planted and unplanted created riverine wetlands in years 15 to 17 years. Ecological Engineering 108:415-425.
17-008 Zhang, L., S. Thomas and W.J. Mitsch. 2017. Design of real-time and long-term hydrologic and water quality wetland monitoring stations in South Florida, USA. Ecological Engineering 108:436-446.
17-007 Marois, D.E., W.J. Mitsch. 2017. A mangrove creek restoration plan utilizing hydraulic modeling. Ecological Engineering 108:526-537.
17-006 Griffiths, L.N. and W.J. Mitsch. 2017. Removal of nutrients from urban stormwater runoff by storm-pulsed and seasonally pulsed created wetlands in the subtropics. Ecological Engineering 108:407-414.
17-005 Mitsch, W.J., Ü. Mander. 2017. Ecological engineering of sustainable landscapes. Ecological Engineering 108:351-357.
17-004 MacDonnell, C.P, L. Zhang, L. Griffiths, and W.J. Mitsch. 2017. Nutrient concentrations in tidal creeks as indicators of the water quality role of mangrove wetlands in Southwest Florida. Ecological Indicators 80: 316-326.
17-003 Hsu, T.-T., D., W. J. Mitsch, J. F. Martin, and J. Lee. 2017. Towards sustainable protection of public health: The role of an urban wetland as a frontline safeguard of pathogen and antibiotic resistance spread. Ecological Engineering 108:538-547.
17-002 Morin T.H., G. Bohrer, K.C. Stefanik, A.C Rey-Sanchez, A.M. Matheny, and W.J. Mitsch. 2017. Combining eddy-covariance and chamber measurements to determine the methane budget from a small, heterogeneous urban floodplain wetland park. Agricultural and Forest Meteorology 237: 160–170
17-001 Mander, Ü., J. Tournebize, K. Tonderski, J.T.A.Verhoeven, and W. J. Mitsch. 2017. Planning and establishment principles for constructed wetlands and riparian buffer zones in agricultural catchments. Ecological Engineering 103B: 296-300.
2016Toggle More Info
16-008 Land, M., Wilhelm Granéli, W., Grimvall, A., Hoffmann, C.C., Mitsch, W.J., Tonderski, K.S. and Verhoeven, J.T.A. 2016. How effective are created or restored freshwater wetlands for nitrogen and phosphorus removal? A systematic review. Environmental Evidence 5:9 DOI 10.1186/s13750-016-0060-0
16-007 Marchio, D.A., Jr., M. Savarese, B.Bovard, and W. J. Mitsch. 2016. Carbon sequestration and sedimentation in mangrove swamps influenced by hydrogeomorphic conditions and urbanization in Southwest Florida. Forests 7, 116; doi:10.3390/f7060116
16-006 Saraswati, S., C. Dunn, W. J. Mitsch and C. Freeman. 2016. Is peat accumulation in mangrove swamps influenced by the “enzymic latch” mechanism? Wetland Ecology and Management 24:641-650.
16-005 Mitsch, W.J. 2016. Restoring the Greater Florida Everglades, once and for all. Ecological Engineering. 93: A1-A3.
16-004 Bernal, B., C. Anderson and W.J. Mitsch. 2016. Nitrogen dynamics in two created riparian wetlands over space and time. Journal of Hydrologic Engineering D5016002 DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)HE.1943-5584.0001397
16-003 Li, X. and W.J. Mitsch. 2016. Methane emissions from created and restored freshwater and brackish marshes in Southwest Florida, USA. Ecological Engineering 91: 529-536.
16-002 Lundgren, V.M., P.M. Gilbert, E. Granéli, N.K. Vidyarathna. E. Fioro, L. Ou, K. J. Flynn, A. Mitra, D.K. Stoecker, and P.J. Hansen. 2016. Metabolic and physiological changes in Prymnesium parvum when grown under, and grazing on prey of, variable nitrogen:phosphorus stoichiometry. Harmful Algae 55: 1–12.
16-001 Mitsch, W.J. 2016. Wetlands and Climate Change. National Wetlands Newsletter 38 (1): 5-11.
2015Toggle More Info
15-011 Marois, D.E. and W.J. Mitsch, 2015. Modeling phosphorus retention at low concentrations in Florida Everglades mesocosms. Ecological Modelling 319: 42-62.
15-010 Yang, Z, Y. Cai, and W.J. Mitsch, eds. 2015. Ecological and hydrological responses to changing environmental conditions in China’s river basins. Ecological Engineering 76: 1-6.
15-009 Lundgren, V.M., D.L. Roelke, B.W. Brooks , E. Granéli, S.L. Davis, T. Baty, C.W. Scott. 2015. Prymnesium parvum invasion success into coastal bays of the Gulf of Mexico: Galveston Bay case study. Harmful Algae 43: 31–45.
15-008 Pärn, J., A. Aasa, S. Egorov, I. Filippov, G. Gabiri, I. Gheorghe, J. Järveoja, K. Kasak, F. Laggoun-De´farge, C. K. Luswata, M. Maddison, W. J. Mitsch, H. Óskarsson, S. Pellerin, J.-O. Salm, K. Sohar, K. Soosaar, A. Teemusk, M. M. Tenywa, J. A. Villa, C. Vohla, and Ü. Mander. 2015. Chapter 7, Global boundary lines of N2O and CH4 emission in peatlands. pp. 87-102 In J. Vymazal (ed.), The Role of Natural and Constructed Wetlands in Nutrient Cycling and Retention on the Landscape, Springer International Publishing, Switzerland.
15-007 Marois, D. E. W.J., Mitsch, K. Song, S. Miao, L. Zhang, and C. Nguyen. 2015. Estimating the importance of aquatic primary productivity for phosphorus retention in Florida Everglades mesocosms. Wetlands 35: 357-368.
15-006 Mitsch, W.J., B. Bernal, and M. E. Hernandez. 2015. Ecosystem services of wetlands. International Journal for Biodiversity Science, Ecosystems Services and Management 11: 1-4
15-005 Rea, C.L., M. S. Bisesi, W. J. Mitsch, R. Andridge, and J. Lee. 2015. Human health-related ecosystem services of avian-dense coastal wetlands adjacent to a Western Lake Erie swimming beach. EcoHealth 12: 77-87.
15-004 Marois, D. and W.J. Mitsch. 2015. Coastal protection from tsunamis and cyclones provided by mangrove wetlands--a review. International Journal for Biodiversity Science, Ecosystems Services and Management 11: 71-83.
15-003 Villa, J.A. and Mitsch, W.J. 2015. Carbon sequestration in different wetland plant communities in Southwest Florida. International Journal for Biodiversity Science, Ecosystems Services and Management 11: 17-28.
15-002 Mitsch, W.J., L. Zhang, D. Marois, and K. Song. 2015. Protecting the Florida Everglades wetlands with wetlands: Can stormwater phosphorus be reduced to oligotrophic conditions? Ecological Engineering 80: 8-19.
15-001 Ligi, T., M. Truu, J. Truu, K. Oopkaup, H. Nõlvak, Ü. Mander, W.J. Mitsch, and J. Truu. 2015. The genetic potential of N2 emission via denitrification and ANAMMOX from the soils and sediments of a created riverine treatment wetland complex. Ecological Engineering 80: 181-190.
2014Toggle More Info
14-017 Mitsch, W.J., L. Zhang, E. Waletzko, and B. Bernal. 2014. Validation of the ecosystem services of created wetlands: Two decades of plant succession, nutrient retention, and carbon sequestration in experimental riverine marshes. Ecological Engineering 72: 11-24.
14-016 Mitsch, W.J. 2014. Unifying a city with its natural riverine environment for the benefit of both: Extending Ohio's only Ramsar Wetland to a much larger river ecosystem corridor. Ecological Engineering 72: 138-142.
14-015 Mitsch, W.J., J.K. Cronk, and L. Zhang. 2014. Creating a living laboratory on a college campus for wetland research—The Olentangy River Wetland Research Park, 1991 to 2012. Ecological Engineering 72: 1-10.
14-014 Mitsch, W.J., S. M. Nedrich, S. Harter, C. Anderson, A.M. Nahlik, and B. Bernal. 2014. Sedimentation in created freshwater riverine wetlands: A comparison of methods over 15 years in created flow-through wetlands. Ecological Engineering 72: 25-34.
14-013 Roy Chowdhury, T. W.J. Mitsch, and R. Dick. 2014. Seasonal methanotrophy across a hydrological gradient in a freshwater wetland. Ecological Engineering 72: 116-124.
14-012 Villa, J.A. and W.J. Mitsch. 2014. Methane emissions from five wetland plant communities with different hydroperiods in the Big Cypress Swamp region of Florida Everglades. Ecohydrology & Hydrobiology 14: 253-266.
14-011 Villa, J., W.J. Mitsch, K. Song, and S. Miao. 2014. Contribution of different wetland plant species to the DOC exported from a mesocosm experiment in the Florida Everglades. Ecological Engineering 71: 118-125.
14-010 Zhang, Y., L. Zhang, and W.J. Mitsch. 2014. Predicting river aquatic productivity and dissolved oxygen before and after dam removal. Ecological Engineering 72:125-137.
14-009 Morin, T.H., G. Bohrer, L. Naor-Azrieli, S. Mesi, W.J. Mitsch, K.V.R. Schafer. 2014. The seasonal and diurnal dynamics of methane flux at a created urban wetland. Ecological Engineering 72: 74-83.
14-008 Mander, Ü, G. Dotro, Y. Ebie, S. Towprayoon, C. Chiemchaisri, S. F Nogueira, B. Jamsranjav, K. Kasak, J. Truu, J. Tournebize, and W. J Mitsch. 2014. Greenhouse gas emission in constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment: a review. Ecological Engineering 66: 19-35.
14-007 Stefanik, K., and W.J. Mitsch, 2014. Metabolism and methane flux of dominant macrophyte communities in created riverine wetlands using open system flow through chambers. Ecological Engineering 72: 67-73.
14-006 Mitsch, W.J. 2014. When will ecologists learn engineering and engineers learn ecology? Ecological Engineering 65: 9-14.
14-005 Waletzko, E. and W.J. Mitsch. 2014. Methane emissions from wetlands: An in situ side-by-side comparison of two static accumulation chamber designs. Ecological Engineering 72: 95-102
14-004 Ligi, T., K. Oopkaup, M. Truu, J.-K. Preem, H. Nõlvak, W.J. Mitsch, Ü. Mander, and J Truu. 2014. Characterization of bacterial communities in soil and sediment of a created riverine wetland complex using high-throughput 16S rRNA amplicon sequencing. Ecological Engineering 72: 56-66.
14-003 Ligi, T., M. Truu, J. Truu, H. Nõlvak, A. Kaasik, W. J Mitsch, and Ü. Mander. 2014. Effects of soil chemical characteristics and water regime on denitrification genes (nirS, nirK, and nosZ) abundances in a created riverine wetland complex. Ecological Engineering 72: 47-55.
14-002 Song, K., M. E. Hernandez, J.A. Batson, and W. J. Mitsch. 2014. Long-term denitrification rates in created riverine wetlands and their relationship with environmental factors. Ecological Engineering 72: 40-46.
14-001 Mander, U., J. Tournebize, K. Kasak, and W. J. Mitsch. 2014. Climate regulation by free water surface constructed wetlands for wastewater treatment and created riverine wetlands. Ecological Engineering 72:103-115.
2013Toggle More Info
13-010 Land, M., W. Granéli, A. Grimvall, C. C. Hoffmann, W.J. Mitsch, K. Tonderski, and J.T.A. Verhoeven. 2013. How effective are created or restored freshwater wetlands for nitrogen and phosphorus removal? A systematic review protocol. Environmental Evidence 2:16 doi: 10.1186/2047-2382-2-16
13-009 Waletzko, E. and W.J. Mitsch. 2013. The carbon balance of two riverine wetlands fifteen years after their creation. Wetlands 33: 989-999.
13-008 Mitsch, W.J. 2013. Preface: EcoSummit 2012 and Ecohydrology & Hydrobiology. Ecohydrology & Hydrobiology 13: 1-2.
13-007 Day, J.W., J. Barras, G.P. Kemp, R. Lane, W.J. Mitsch, and P.H. Templet. 2013. Integrated coastal management in the Mississippi Delta. Pages 93-107 In: Gulf of Mexico Origin, Waters, and Biota, Volume 4, Ecosystem-Based Management, J.W. Day and A. Vanez-Arancibia, eds. Texas A&M University Press, College Station.
13-006 Bernal, B. and W.J. Mitsch. 2013. Carbon sequestration in two created riverine wetlands in the Midwestern United States. Journal of Environmental Quality doi:10.2134/jeq2012.0229
13-005 Bernal. B. and W.J. Mitsch. 2013. Carbon sequestration in freshwater wetlands in Costa Rica and Botswana. Biogeochemistry 115: 77–93.
13-004 Mitsch, W.J and M. Hernandez. 2013. Landscape and climate change threats to wetlands of North and Central America. Aquatic Sciences. 75: 133-149.
13-003 Junk, W.J., S. An, H. Cízková, C. M. Finlayson, B. Gopal, J Kvet, S. A. Mitchell, W. J. Mitsch and R.D. Robarts. 2013. Current state of knowledge regarding the world’s wetlands and their future under global climate change: A synthesis. Aquatic Sciences 75: 151–167.
13-002 Mitsch, W.J, A.M. Nahlik, B. Bernal, L. Zhang, C.J. Anderson, S.E. Jørgensen, U. Mander, and H. Brix. 2013.Wetlands, carbon, and climate change. Landscape Ecology 28: 583–597.
13-001 Mitsch, W.J. 2013. Wetland Creation and Restoration. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity, 2nd ed. S. Levin, ed. Elsevier, Amsterdam.
2012Toggle More Info
12-008 Batson, J., W.J. Mitsch, and U. Mander. 2012. Denitrification and a nitrogen budget of created riparian wetlands. Journal of Environmental Quality 41: 2024-2032.
12-007 Stokes, A., S. Barot, J.-C. Lata, G. Lacroix, C.G. Jones, and W.J. Mitsch. 2012. Editorial: Ecological engineering: From concepts to applications. Ecological Engineering 45: 1-4.
12-006 Mitsch, W.J. 2012. What is Ecological Engineering? Ecological Engineering. 45: 5-12.
12-005 Hey, D.L., J.A. Kostel, W.G. Crumpton, W.J. Mitsch, and B. Scott. 2012. The roles and benefits of wetlands in managing reactive nitrogen. J. Soil and Water Conservation 67(2): 47A-53A.
12-004 Stefanik, K, and W.J. Mitsch. 2012. Structural and functional vegetation development in created and restored wetland mitigation banks of different ages. Ecological Engineering 39: 104-112.
12-003 Bernal, B. and W.J. Mitsch. 2012. Comparing carbon sequestration in temperate freshwater wetland communities. Global Change Biology 18: 1636-1647.
12-002 Mitsch, W.J, L. Zhang, K. C. Stefanik, A. M. Nahlik, C. J. Anderson, B. Bernal, and K. Song. 2012.. Creating wetlands: A 15-year study of primary succession, water quality changes, and self-design. BioScience 62: 237-250.
12-001 Song, K, H. Kang, L, Zhang, and W.J. Mitsch. 2012. Seasonal and spatial variations of denitrification and denitrifying community structure in created wetlands. Ecological Engineering 38: 130-134.
2011Toggle More Info
11-004 . Doering, O.C., J.N. Galloway, T.L. Theis, V. Aneja, E. Boyer, K.G. Cassman, E.B. Cowling, R.R. Dickerson, W. Herz, D.L. Hey, R. Kohn, J.S. Lighy, W. Mitsch, W. Moomaw, A. Mosier, H. Paerl, B. Shaw, and P. Stacey. 2011. Reactive Nitrogen in the United States: An Analysis of Inputs, Flows, Consequences, and Management Options. U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Science Advisory Board Integrated Nitrogen Committee, EPA-SAB-11-013, Washington, DC, 139 pp.
11-003 Mander, U., and W.J. Mitsch. 2011. Biogeochemical aspects of ecosystem restoration and rehabilitation. Ecological Engineering 37: 1003-1007.
11-002 Huang, J.-C., W.J. Mitsch and D.L. Johnson. 2011. Estimating biogeochemical and biotic interactions between a stream channel and a riparian wetland: A medium-scale physical model. Ecological Engineering 37: 1035-1049.
11-001 Sha, C., W. J. Mitsch, Ü. Mander, J. Lu, J. Batson, L. Zhang and W. He. 2011. Methane emissions from freshwater riverine wetlands. Ecological Engineering 37: 16-24.
10-002 Nahlik, A.M, and W.J. Mitsch. 2011. Methane emissions from tropical freshwater wetlands located in different climatic zones of Costa Rica. Global Change Biology 17: 1321-1334.
2010Toggle More Info
10-009 Urban, R. A., A. Baral, G. F. Grubb, B. R. Bakshi, and W. J. Mitsch. 2010. Towards the sustainability of engineered processes: Designing self-reliant networks of technological-ecological systems. Computers and Chemical Engineering 34: 1413-1420.
10-008 Mitsch, W.J. 2010. The 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil spill: What would Mother Nature do? Ecological Engineering 36: 1607-1610.
10-007 Mitsch, W.J. 2010. Restauration des Cours d’eau et de leur basin versant: Une approach par genie écologique. Pages 206-224 In: J.-C. Lefeuvre, dir., Carrières, biodiversité et fonctionnement des hydrosystèmes. UNICEM/Pierre-Yves Brunaud, ENCEM.
10-006 Huang, J.-C., W.J. Mitsch and A. Ward. 2010. Design of experimental streams for simulating headwater stream restoration. J. American Water Resources Association. 46: 957-971.
10-005 Song, K., S.H. Lee, W.J. Mitsch, and H. Kang. 2010. Different responses of denitrification rates and denitrifying bacterial communities to hydrologic pulsing in created wetlands. Soil Biology & Biochemistry 42: 1721-1727.
10-004 Mitsch, W.J. 2010. Conservation, restoration, and creation of wetlands: A global perspective. In: F.A. Comin, ed. Ecological Restoration: A Global Challenge. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, pp. 175-188.
10-003 Nahlik, A.M, and W.J. Mitsch. 2010. Methane emissions from created freshwater wetlands. Wetlands 30: 783-793.
10-002 (see 2011)
10-001 Mitsch J W..; A. M Nahlik, P. Wolski; B. Bernal, L. Zhang.; L. Ramberg. 2010. Tropical wetlands: Seasonal hydrologic pulsing, carbon sequestration, and methane emissions. Wetlands Ecology and Management. 18: 573-586.
09-001 Korfel, C.A., W.J. Mitsch, T.E. Hetherington, and J.J. Mack. 2010. Hydrology, physiochemistry, and amphibians in natural and created vernal pool wetlands. Restoration Ecology 18: 843-854.
2009Toggle More Info
09-011 Qin, P. and W.J. Mitsch. 2009. Wetland restoration and ecological engineering: International Conference on Wetland Restoration and Ecological Engineering. Ecological Engineering 35: 437-441.
09-010 Mitsch, W.J. 2009. In memory : Professor C.H. Chung (1908–2008). Ecological Engineering 37: 442-443.
09-009 Gardner, R.C., J. Zedler, A. Redmond, R.E. Turner, C.A. Johnston, V.R. Alvarez, C.A. Simenstad, K.L. Prestegaard, and W.J. Mitsch. 2009. Compensating for wetland losses under the Clean Water Act (Redux): Evaluating the Federal Compensatory Mitigation Regulation (long-version). Stetson Law Review. 38: 213-249.
09-008 Gardner, R.C., J. Zedler, A. Redmond, R.E. Turner, C.A. Johnston, V.R. Alvarez, C.A. Simenstad, K.L. Prestegaard, and W.J. Mitsch. 2009. Compensating for wetland losses under the Clean Water Act (Redux): Evaluating the Federal Compensatory Mitigation Regulation (short version). National Wetland Newsletter 31(2), 1, 3-7.
09-007 Mitsch, J.W., L. Zhang, D.F. Fink, M.E. Hernandez, A.E. Altor, C.L. Tuttle, and A.M. Nahlik. 2008. Ecological Engineering of Floodplains. Ecohydrology & Hydrobiology. 8:139-147.
09-006 Day, J.W., Jr., C.A.S. Hall, A. Yáñez-Arancibia, D. Pimentel, C. Ibañez Marti, and W. J. Mitsch. 2009. Ecology in times of scarcity. BioScience. 59:321-331.
09-005 Gamble, D.L. and W.J. Mitsch. 2008. Hydroperiods of created and natural vernal pools in central Ohio: A comparison of depth and duration of inundation. Wetlands Ecology and Management 17: 385-395.
09-004 Gutrich, J.J., K.J. Taylor, M. S. Fennessy. 2009. Restoration of vegetation communities of created depressional marshes in Ohio and Colorado (USA): The importance of initial effort for mitigation success. Ecological Engineering 35:351-368.
09-003 Mander, U., and W.J. Mitsch. 2009. Pollution control by wetlands. Ecological Engineering 35: 153-158.
09-002 Huang, J-C., W.J. Mitsch, and L. Zhang. 2009. Ecological restoration design of a stream on a college campus in central Ohio. Ecological Engineering 35: 329-340.
09-001 (see 2010)
2008Toggle More Info
08-012 Bernal, B. and W.J. Mitsch. 2008. A comparison of soil carbon pools and profiles in wetlands in Costa Rica and Ohio. Ecological Engineering 34: 311-323.
08-011 Kohlmann, B., W.J. Mitsch, and D.O. Hansen. 2008. Ecological management and sustainable development in the humid tropics of Costa Rica. Ecological Engineering 34: 254-266.
08-010 Mitsch, W.J., J, Lu, X. Yuan, W. He and L. Zhang. 2008. Optimizing ecosystem services in China. Science 322: 528.
08-009 Mitsch, W.J., J. Tejada, A. M. Nahlik, B. Kohlman, B, Bernal, and C. E. Hernández. 2008. Tropical wetlands for climate change research, water quality management and conservation education on a university campus in Costa Rica. Ecological Engineering 34:276-288.
08-008 Anderson, C.J. and W.J. Mitsch. 2008. The influence of flood connectivity on bottomland forest productivity in central Ohio, USA. Ohio J. Science 108 (2): 2-8.
08-007 Anderson, C.J. and W.J. Mitsch. 2008. Tree basal growth response to flooding in a bottomland hardwood forest in central Ohio. J. American Water Resources Association 40: 1-9.
08-006 Altor, A.E. and W.J. Mitsch. 2008. Pulsing hydrology, methane emissions, and carbon dioxide fluxes in created marshes: A 2-year ecosystem study. Wetlands 28: 423-438.
08-005 Altor, A.E. and W.J. Mitsch. 2008. Methane emissions and carbon dioxide fluxes in created wetland mesocosms: Effects of hydrologic regime and hydric soils. Ecological Applications 18: 1307-1320.
08-004 Dale, V.H., Biddinger, G.R., Newman, M.C., Oris,| J.T., Suter, G.W., Thompson, T., Armitage, T.M., Meyer, J.L., Allen-King, R.M., Burton, G.A., Chapman, P.M., Conquest, L.L., Fernandez, I.J., Landis, W.G., Master, L.L., Mitsch, W.J., Mueller, T.C., Charles F. Rabeni, C.F., Rodewald, A.D., Sanders, J.G., and van Heerden, I.L. 2008. Enhancing the Ecological Risk Assessment Process. Integrated Environmental Assessment and Management 4: 306-313.
08-003 Nahlik, A.M. and W.J. Mitsch. 2008. The effect of river pulsing on sedimentation in created riparian wetlands. Journal of Environmental Quality 37: 1634-1643.
08-002 Swab, R.M. and W.J. Mitsch. 2008. Effect of hydrologic restoration and Lonicera maacki removal on herbaceous understory vegetation in a bottomland hardwood forest. Restoration Ecology 16: 453-463.
08-001 Tuttle, C.L. L. Zhang, and W.J. Mitsch. 2008. Aquatic metabolism as an indicator of the ecological effects of hydrologic pulsing in flow-through wetlands. Ecological Indicators 8: 795-806.
2007Toggle More Info
07-010 Martin, J. F., and Tilley, D. 2007. Accounting for environmental sustainability with emergy analysis. Encyclopedia of Soil Science.
07-009 Tilley, D. J.F. and Martin. 2007. Environmental accounting of agricultural sustainability using emergy analysis. UNESCO-Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems. Theme: Systems Analysis and Modeling in Food and Agriculture. K.C. Ting, D.H.Fleisher, L.F. Rodriguez-editor.
07-008 Yanez-Arancibia, A., J.W. Day, R.R. Twilley, and W.J. Mitsch. 2007. Enfoque ecosistémico para restaurar humedales costeros ante los cambios globales. Ambientico 165: 35-38.
07-007 Mitsch, W.J. 2007. Ecological and social complexity in restoring water resources: Coastal Louisiana, the Mississippi River Basin, and Mesopotamia. Pages 19-23 In: 2006 Stockholm Water Prize Laureates Seminar: Challenges and Opportunities within the Water Sector, Stockholm International Water Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
07-006 Mitsch, W.J. 2007. Restoration of the world’s wetlands. Pages 30-37 In: Proceeding, International Symposium on Wetland Restoration 2006: Restoration and Wise Use of Wetlands. Organizing Committee of the Symposium on Wetland Restoration 2006, Shiga Prefectural Government, Otsu, Japan.
07-005 Zhang, L. and W.J. Mitsch. 2007. Sediment chemistry and nutrient influx in a hydrologically restored bottomland hardwood forest in Midwestern USA. River Research and Applications 23: 1026-1037.
07-004 Day J.W., Jr., Donald F. Boesch, Ellis J. Clairain, G. Paul Kemp, Shirley B. Laska, William J. Mitsch, Kenneth Orth, Hassan Mashriqui, Denise R. Reed, Leonard Shabman, Charles A. Simenstad, Bill J. Streever, Robert R. Twilley, Chester C. Watson, John T. Wells, and Dennis F. Whigham. 2007. Restoration of the Mississippi Delta: Lessons From Hurricanes Katrina and Rita. Science 315:1679-1684.
07-003 Hernandez, M.E. and W.J. Mitsch. 2007. Denitrification in created riverine wetlands: Influence of hydrology and season. Ecological Engineering 30:78-88.
07-002 Fink, D.F. and W.J. Mitsch. 2007. Hydrology and biogeochemistry in a created river diversion oxbow wetland. Ecological Engineering 30: 93-102.
07-001 Hernandez, M.E. and W.J. Mitsch. 2007. Denitrification potential and organic matter as affected by vegetation community, wetland age, and plant introduction in created wetlands. Journal of Environmental Quality 36: 333-342.
2006Toggle More Info
06-007 Nahlik, A. and W.J. Mitsch. 2006. Tropical treatment wetlands dominated by free-floating macrophytes for water quality improvement in Costa Rica. Ecological Engineering 28:246-257.
06-006 Altor, A. E. and W.J. Mitsch. 2006. Methane flux from created wetlands: Relationship to intermittent vs. continuous inundation and emergent macrophytes. Ecological Engineering 28: 224-234.
06-005 Costanza, R., W.J. Mitsch, and J.W. Day. 2006. A new vision for New Orleans and the Mississippi Delta: Applying ecological economics and ecological engineering. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 4: 465-472.
06-004 Hernandez, M.E. and W.J. Mitsch. 2006. Influence of hydrologic pulses, flooding frequency, and vegetation on nitrous oxide emissions from created riparian marshes. Wetlands 26: 862-877.
06-003 Costanza. R., W.J. Mitsch, and J.W. Day, Jr. 2006. Creating a sustainable and desirable New Orleans. Ecological Engineering 26: 317-320.
06-002 Anderson, C.J. and W.J. Mitsch. 2006. Sediment, carbon, and nutrient accumulation at two 10-year-old created riverine marshes. Wetlands 26: 779-792.
06-001 Mitsch, W.J. and J.W. Day, Jr. 2006. Restoration of wetlands in the Mississippi-Ohio-Missouri (MOM) River Basin: Experience and needed research. Ecological Engineering 26: 55-69.
2005Toggle More Info
05-012 Porej, D. and T.E. Hetherington. 2005. Designing wetlands for amphibians: the importance of predatory fish and shallow littoral zones in structuring of amphibian communities. Wetlands Ecology and Management 13:445–455.
05-011 Orth, K., J.W. Day, D.F. Boesch, E.J. Clairain, W.J. Mitsch, L. Shabman, C. Simenstad, and B. Streever. 2005 Lessons learned: An assessment of the effectiveness of a National Technical Review Committee for oversight of the plan for the restoration of the Mississippi Delta. Ecological Engineering 25: 153-167.
05-010 Mitsch, W.J., L. Zhang, C.J. Anderson, A. Altor, and M. Hernandez. 2005. Creating riverine wetlands: Ecological succession, nutrient retention, and pulsing effects. Ecological Engineering 25: 510-527.
05-009 Anderson, C.J. and W.J. Mitsch. 2005. Effect of pulsing on macrophyte productivity and nutrient uptake: A wetland experiment. American Midland Naturalist 154: 305-319.
05-008 Anderson, C.J., W.J. Mitsch, and R.W. Nairn. 2005. Temporal and spatial development of surface soil conditions at two created riverine marshes. Journal of Environmental Quality 34: 2072-2081.
05-007 Mitsch, W.J. 2005. Applying science to conservation and restoration of the world's wetlands. Water Science & Technology 51 (8): 13-26.
05-006 Hinkle, R. and W.J. Mitsch. 2005. Salt marsh vegetation recovery at salt hay farm wetland restoration sites on Delaware Bay. Ecological Engineering 25: 240-251.
05-005 Zhang, L., W.J. Mitsch, and D.F. Fink. 2005. Hydrology, water quality, and restoration potential for the Upper Big Darby Creek, Central Ohio. Ohio J. Science 105:46-56.
05-004 Mitsch, W.J., J.W. Day, Jr., L. Zhang, and R. Lane. 2005. Nitrate-nitrogen retention by wetlands in the Mississippi River Basin. Ecological Engineering 24: 267-278.
05-003 Day, J.W., Jr., J. Barras, E. Clairain, J. Johnston, D. Justic, G. P. Kemp, J.-Y. Ko, R. Lane, W.J. Mitsch, G. Steyer, P. Templet, and A. Yañez-Arancibia. 2005. Implications of global climatic change and energy cost and availability for the restoration of the Mississippi Delta. Ecological Engineering 24: 253-265.
05-002 Mitsch, W.J. 2005. Wetland creation, restoration, and conservation: A Wetland Invitational at the Olentangy River Wetland Research Park. Ecological Engineering 24: 243-251.
05-001 Day, J.W., Jr., G. Abrami, J. Rybczyk and W.J. Mitsch. 2005. Venice Lagoon and the Po Delta: System functioning as a basis for sustainable management. In: Flooding and Environmental Challenges for Venice and its Lagoon, Fletcher and Spencer, eds. Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, England. pp. 445-459.
2004Toggle More Info
04-007 Porej, D., M. Micacchion and T.E. Hetherington. 2004. Core terrestrial habitat for conservation of local populations of salamanders and wood frogs in agricultural landscapes. Biological Conservation 120:399–409.
04-006 Fink, D.F. and W.J. Mitsch. 2004. Seasonal and storm event nutrient removal by a created wetland in an agricultural watershed. Ecological Engineering 23:313-325.
04-005 Mitsch, W.J., N. Wang, L. Zhang, R. Deal, X. Wu and A. Zuwerink. 2005. Using ecological indicators in a whole-ecosystem wetland experiment. In S.E. Jørgensen, F-L Xu, and R. Costanza, eds. Handbook of Ecological Indicators for Assessment of Ecosystem Health, CRC Press, Boca Raton, FL. pp. 211-236.
04-004 Gutrich, J.J. and F.J. Hitzhusen. 2004. Assessing the substitutability of mitigation wetlands for natural sites: Estimating restoration lag costs of wetland mitigation. E cological Economics 48: 409-424.
04-003 Zhang, L., and W.J. Mitsch. 2005. Modelling of hydrological budgets of flow-through created wetlands: An integrated system approach. Environmental Software & Modelling. 20: 935-946.
04-002 Mitsch, W.J. and J.W. Day, Jr. 2004. Thinking big with whole ecosystem studies and ecosystem restoration: A legacy of H.T. Odum. Ecological Modelling 178: 133-155.
04-001 Selbo, S.M. and A.A. Snow. 2004. The potential for hydridization between Typha angustifolia and T. latafolia in a constructed wetland. Aquatic Botany 78: 361-369.
2003Toggle More Info
03-005 Mitsch, W.J. and S.E. Jorgensen. 2003. Ecological engineering: A field whose time has come. Ecological Engineering 20: 363-377.
03-004 Mitsch, W.J. 2003. Ecology, ecological engineering, and the Odum brothers. Ecological Engineering 20: 363-377.
03-003 Day. J.W. Jr., A. Yanez Arancibia, W.J. Mitsch, A.L. Lara-Dominguez, J.N. Day, J.-Y. Ko, R. Lane,and J.Lindsey. 2003. Using ecotechnology to address water quality and wetland habitat loss problems in the Mississippi Basin: A hierarchical approach. Biotechnology Advances 22: 135-159.
03-002 Spieles, D.J. and W.J. Mitsch. 2003. A model of macroinvertebrate trophic structure and oxygen demand in freshwater wetlands. Ecological Modellling 161: 183-194.
03-001 Harter, S.K. and W.J. Mitsch. 2003. Patterns of short-term sedimentation in a freshwater created marsh. Journal of Environmental Quality. Journal of Environmental Quality 32: 325-334.